Hemorrhoids – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Hemorrhoids – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

For hemorrhoids treatment, you first need to have a first hand knowledge about what causes hemorrhoids and symptoms of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are those vascular structures in the anal canal which assist with stool control. When they are swollen or inflamed, they become pathological. Hemorrhoids can be external or internal. When it occurs outside the anal edge, swollen veins form a soft bulge around the anal opening, it is called as external hemorrhoids. If blood clot develops, this bulge would become hard or may become painful thromboses hemorrhoids. On the other hand internal hemorrhoids are those occur inside the rectum. Usually they do not cause any pain, as this tissue is not connected with any sensory nerves.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

Following hemorrhoids symptoms are experiences by victims at large.

Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids

Rectal Pain

When it comes to external hemorrhoid, rectal pain is the most common symptom of hemorrhoid because sensitive nerves are attached with anus opening.


In external hemorrhoid a soft lump is form at the penning of anus. This lump may become hard and painful with time. This is one of the most painful hemorrhoids symptoms.

Blood Stains

You may get blood stains on tissue after bowel movement.

Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids


This is a one of the frequently experienced hemorrhoids symptoms. Internal hemorrhoids often seep mucus, which can irritate the anal skin and cause itching.

Rectal Bleeding

The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is rectal bleeding. You may find bright red streaks of blood on the toilet paper or bright red blood in the toilet bowl after having a normal bowel movement. Blood also may be visible on the surface of the stool.


Most internal hemorrhoids are not painful. But large hemorrhoids that bulge from the anus may become painful if they swell and are squeezed by the muscles that control the anus. Pain is one of the worst symptoms of hemorrhoid.

Skin Irritation

Skin irritation is another symptom of hemorrhoid. Large hemorrhoids that bulge from the anus may secrete mucus, causing mild irritation.


As a symptom of hemorrhoid, you may still feel the urge to pass stool after having a bowel movement. This uncomfortable feeling is caused by the bulging of the hemorrhoid in the end portion of the large intestine In general. When the hemorrhoid becomes larger, this symptom of hemorrhoid becomes severe.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

For treatment of hemorrhoids, you must know what causes hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are caused by repeated or constant stress on the rectal or anal veins. Following conditions or habits can cause stress on rectal veins.


If you ask a specialist what causes hemorrhoids the first answer could be constipation. Constipation causes hemorrhoids. Straining to pass hard stools puts too much pressure on the rectum and makes the veins swell. So you must treat constipation for hemorrhoids treatment.


Diarrhea causes tension in veins results in hemorrhoids.

Lifting Heavy Objects

Lifting heavy object may put pressure on your sensory veins.

Poor Posture

Adopting a wrong position on the toilet seat is one of the main causes of hemorrhoids.

Prolonged Sitting and Standing

It creates pressure on veins.

Style of Modern Toilet

Modern toilet is designed in a way that sitting position cause strain on veins.


Due to increased blood flow and heavy weight of fetus on the abdomen, pregnancy causes hemorrhoids. During pregnancy you should be very careful regarding hemorrhoids treatment.

Low Fiber Diet

Eating a diet low in fibre is one of the main causes of hemorrhoids.

Anal Intercourse

Anal sex is another cause of hemorrhoids. It does not matter how much lubricants are used; Do not forget that the anus is not made for this function.

Being Overweight

If you are overweight, you are lifting your excess weight up every time you stand or walk or run. Especially when sitting, the pressure of your body is bearing on your anal region and may well be weakening it or aggravating existing hemorrhoids. So for hemorrhoids treatment you must lose your weight.

Liver Damage

Liver disease can also cause increased pressure in the veins, as blood is pooled in and around the pelvic system.


The tissues of the body get more brittle and muscle tone goes down. The gastrointestinal muscles do not push material through as efficiently, leading to constipation. Vein walls are much more likely to just give way, and circulatory valves just don’t work like they used to. All of these lead to increased risk of hemorrhoids. Treatment of hemorrhoids becomes difficult when you are aged.


Some people are genetically predisposed to this type of illness.

Treatment of Hemorrhoids

The goal of hemorrhoids treatment can be achieved by unnatural method and natural method. Unnatural methods for hemorrhoids treatment is characterized by medical treatment which is more painful with side effects.

Unnatural Methods for Hemorrhoids Treatment

Fixative Procedures

It is a non-surgical medical treatment of hemorrhoids. It works to lessen the blood supply to hemorrhoid in order to shrink it ultimately resulting in removal of hemorrhoids. Fixative procedures work through a rubber band which is tied with hemorrhoid. Fixative procedures for treatment of hemorrhoids also work by using heat, lasers, or electric current.

Surgical Treatment for Hemorrhoids

Surgical removal of hemorrhoids is proved to be very effective but it is very painful and expensive.

Ointments and Suppositories

Ointments and suppositories can be used for treatment of hemorrhoids. These contain local anesthetics for their soothing properties.

Anti-Inflammatory Creams

Anti-inflammatory cortisone creams are also used as a treatment of hemorrhoids. They are usually medically prescribed. Prescription medications can include anti-inflammatory cortisone creams.

Pain Relievers

Commonly used pain relievers are also taken to relieve the pain it is not a treatment for hemorrhoid rather it just relieves the irritating symptoms of hemorrhoids.

Natural Methods for treat Hemorrhoids Treatment

Fiber Diet

A high-fiber diet with large amounts of water is very effective for hemorrhoids treatment. This will soften the stool and decrease constipation. It will also reduce the size of swollen.

Sitz Bath

Taking a sitz bath is a very successful hemorrhoids treatment. In order to take sitz bath, fill your bathtub with warm water to cover the anal area. Soak for about 15 minutes at a time.

Ice Cube

Rub an ice cube on your hemorrhoids to relieve the pain. It is not a proper treatment for hemorrhoids but it helps to relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids.

Witch Hazel

For treatment of hemorrhoids soak a cotton ball in witch hazel and leave on anal for about an hour.


Here is a very effective exercise for hemorrhoids treatment. Lay down flat on your back. Put your palms straight on the floor. Breathe out, lift your buttocks off the floor, and bring your knees close to your chest. Raise your hips and buttocks towards the ceiling very slowly. Bend your elbows. Place your hands on your back. Stretch your feet and move your feet away from each other. Breathe normally and hold this position for 5 minutes. Come back to the original position very slowly.

Castor Oil

Castor oil is a very treatment for hemorrhoids. Rub some castor oil on effected area after taking bath or after bowel movement.

Neem Leaves

Take lukewarm water in a container. Add some neem leaves. Sit in container for 15-20 minutes. Repeat daily till you get relief. It is very successful, easy and inexpensive natural method for hemorrhoids treatment.

Cayenne Pepper

For treatment of hemorrhoids, take one teaspoon cayenne pepper in 8 oz of water and drink 2 to 3 times daily.

Tips to Relieve Hemorrhoids Symptoms

  • Taking rest is very important to relieve hemorrhoids symptoms. It will take pressure off from inflamed and irritated veins.
  • In order to get relief from hemorrhoids symptoms, try not to sit or stand for a long time when hemorrhoids are irritated.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects to ease hemorrhoids symptoms.
  • You can soothe hemorrhoids symptoms by wearing cotton underwear in order to prevent moisture buildup, which can irritate hemorrhoids.

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