Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse

Alcoholism is a disease. Like any disease, alcoholism is a process that has its beginning its stages its end and proceeds at one rate or another.

Where does this disease begin which has killed so many people? As a rule, the disease originates from ordinary feasts. Signs of the onset of alcoholism make it possible to distinguish between everyday drunkenness which is not yet a disease from alcoholism as a disease.

First Symptom

The very first symptom of alcoholism is a pathological craving for alcohol. Attraction is not only the earliest but also the most persistent symptom. The craving for alcohol does not arise suddenly but is formed gradually. A drinker may not be aware of his craving for alcohol for a long time explaining his drinking by traditions a certain situation a desire to have a good time in a company to chat with friends; troubles and other reasons.

There is a change in behavior in anticipation of the upcoming drink the person noticeably revives cheers up in front of our eyes begins to rush to quickly get rid of things and start preparing for a drink. All his behavior facial expressions and gestures indicate that he is in anticipation of a pleasant event. On the other hand there is a negative attitude towards everything that prevents drunkenness. The alcoholic stubbornly defends his rights to drink alcohol despite the objections and reproaches of his loved ones. Alcoholics do not like talking about their own drinking. A drinking man reacts violently to his wife’s reproaches and if they try to resist him he usually makes a scandal and goes to his friends not considering himself guilty.

Unlike an alcoholic a healthy person is able to understand this when he finds himself in a situation where his drinking becomes excessive. He will not enter into meaningless discussions but will draw the right conclusions for himself. and if they try to resist him they usually make a scandal and go to their friends not considering themselves guilty. Unlike an alcoholic a healthy person is able to understand this when he finds himself in a situation where his drinking becomes excessive. He will not enter into meaningless discussions but will draw the right conclusions for himself. and if they try to resist him they usually make a scandal and go to their friends not considering themselves guilty. Unlike an alcoholic, a healthy person is able to understand this when he finds himself in a situation where his drinking becomes excessive. He will not enter into meaningless discussions but will draw the right conclusions for himself.

Second Symptom

The second symptom of the onset of alcoholism is the symptom of loss of quantitative control. It occurs in the initial stage and exists throughout the course of the disease. Loss of control over the amount of alcohol consumed implies the difficulty or inability for the patient to stop at certain doses of alcohol consumed the inability to consciously limit the alcohol intake that has begun. Before drinking, he can promise his wife or himself that he will not get drunk but after certain doses of alcohol, he loses control over drinking and forgets about all the promises. In a state of intoxication a secondary attraction arises. Unlike the primary attraction which a person is able to overcome by an effort of will (however the fact that he is able to overcome it does not mean that he will do it) the secondary attraction is much more intense.

Third Symptom

The third sign of alcoholism is the loss of the protective gag reflex. This is a very important symptom. Attraction and loss of quantitative control are sometimes difficult to establish and the loss of the gag reflex when taking large doses of alcohol is an objective symptom. Usually, the body reacts to any harmful effect with a protective reaction. As long as this defense mechanism is active it protects the body from a toxic agent that can harm it. But the more often a person gets drunk before vomiting the faster this defense mechanism breaks down. An alcoholic patient can get drunk in a coma but he will not vomit.

The Fourth Sign Of Alcoholism Is An Increase In Alcohol Tolerance

The longer and more often a person consumes alcohol the more he can drink as his body acquires the ability to tolerate increasing doses of alcohol. Accordingly the more intense the abuse the faster the alcohol tolerance grows. Tolerance is not only the amount of alcohol that a person can drink but also the effect that this dose causes. With regular consumption of alcohol, the body adapts to a certain dose and it no longer causes the same effect. With a further increase in tolerance those doses that at the stage of domestic drunkenness caused severe intoxication with an emetic reaction now cause only a mild or moderate degree of intoxication.

Alcohol Consumption

With domestic drunkenness, the form of alcohol consumption can still be episodic and the frequency of drinking does not depend on the person himself but on external circumstances. With the onset of alcoholism, alcohol intake becomes systematic. Consuming alcohol regularly is not necessarily daily. It can become daily in the 2nd stage of alcoholism. And in the beginning, the systematic form means regularity of a certain system of alcohol consumption.

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ALCOHOL POISONING – FEATURES AND STAGES OF INTOXICATION

Alcohol poisoning is the intoxication of the body with ethyl alcohol and its decay products. It can cause a number of serious consequences for the body, up to the partial or complete loss of the functions of internal organs, nervous system and death. As a rule, it is caused by the chronic use of alcoholic beverages or single use of a large dose.

According to statistics, more than 65% of cases of poisoning in the world are associated with intoxication with ethyl alcohol – this indicates the danger of abuse and the scale of the problem, which affects 2 out of 3 people who are poisoned.

Alcohol Poisoning

Most people drink alcohol during holidays or other events, without prejudice to their own health – moderate doses do not pose a direct threat to the work of internal organs and systems. But exceeding the recommended consumption rates carries a serious risk of developing intoxication, with all the ensuing consequences.

Stages Of Alcohol Intoxication

Light intoxication – observed in people who drank a small amount of alcohol. The blood alcohol concentration does not exceed 1.5%;

Average intoxication – manifests itself in people who have consumed a fairly large amount of alcohol. The concentration of alcohol in the blood is 1.6% – 2.7%.

Severe poisoning (alcohol intoxication) is the third stage of intoxication. Occurs when blood alcohol concentration increases above 2.7%. It carries a significant threat to the normal functioning of organs and body systems. In severe cases, it can lead to disruption of the functions of vital organs, up to and including death.

If you or your loved one has the first signs of alcohol poisoning don’t hesitate to contact a drug treatment center for help! Doctors will determine the nature and extent of the problem as well as take the necessary measures to minimize damage to human health and preserve his life.

Symptoms Of Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol intoxication, like other types of poisoning, causes specific symptoms, which can be used to determine the presence of a problem at an early stage of its development. The classic symptoms of alcohol poisoning include:

Hyperemia of the skin – manifested by redness in the face

Impaired brain activity – confusion and illegibility of speech, thoughts uncharacteristic for a person appear, general activity increases or decreases;

Disruption of the vestibular apparatus – a person can lose orientation in time and space, gait becomes atypical, stumbling and falling are possible;

Dyspeptic disorders – nausea, developing into vomiting, increased drowsiness, possibly urinary incontinence and diarrhea.

Loss Of Consciousness

Suppression of vital functions – the function of the cardiovascular, respiratory and nervous systems is impaired. The patient has irregular breathing, shortness of breath is possible, blood pressure decreases, a threadlike pulse and other symptoms of acute disturbance of vital functions of the body are visible.

First Aid And Treatment Of Alcohol Poisoning

  1. First aid for alcohol poisoning involves performing several basic manipulations.
  2. Lay the person on their side – this will prevent possible choking with vomit.
  3. Call an ambulance – tell the doctors that the person has acute alcohol poisoning.

Arriving at the place, the narcologists carry out the initial diagnosis of the patient, assess his current physical and mental state, and also determine the degree of administration. To accelerate the elimination of alcohol residues from the stomach, a nasogastric tube is installed, through which the stomach is washed.

The final stage in the treatment of alcohol poisoning is complex detoxification and drug therapy aimed at removing toxic substances from the patient’s blood, normalizing the functioning of internal organs/body systems, and reducing the overall negative consequences of poisoning.

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What Causes Of Alcoholism

Alcoholism is a mental and physical illness that affects not only a person but the whole society regardless of age and gender. Both women and men both adults and children fall into alcohol slavery. Statistical and genetic studies have shown that alcoholism is formed in 30-40% of the population of the USA and men get sick ten times more often than women. Alcoholism causes great harm to society it destroys families has a detrimental effect on the upbringing of children leads to a violation of labor discipline to injuries push people to immoral acts gives rise to crime. Alcohol subjugates the will destroys the psyche and negatively affects the work of all internal organs and systems.

The causes of alcoholism can be different sociological psychological and even genetic. Alcohol disrupting biological metabolic processes replaces many vital elements in the metabolic structure. It is scientifically proven that even a small amount of alcohol disrupts the coordinated work of the cerebral cortex. Alcohol enhances the arousal process and weakens the inhibition process. Consequently, a drunk person cannot control his behavior.

drink alcohol

The consequences of alcoholism for the human body can be fatal and destructive. All internal systems and organs are affected alcohol poisons brain cells lead to severe diseases of the liver pancreas stomach have a harmful effect on the lungs kidneys endocrine glands reduces the body’s resistance to infections leads to irreversible changes in the circulatory system and heart muscles to gross defects of the diseases of the vascular wall of the genitourinary system (renal failure impotence infertility etc.) mental disorders. In adolescence, the body is most vulnerable since the transformation of a child into an adult is in full swing at this moment a terrible blow is dealt with him. For example, the liver at this age has a higher carrying capacity in addition its structure did not have time to get stronger. As a result liver disease can be caused by a few grams of alcohol. In general alcohol absolutely any (even seemingly as “weak” as beer and wine) strikes the entire child’s body – liver nervous system brain respiratory tract decreased immunity and rapid transformation into a chronically ill alcoholic.

At the end of this article, we will consider the harm of alcohol in numbers. Only 30 grams of alcohol a day (two glasses of vodka or a bottle and a half of beer) give a person true cirrhosis of the liver. A third of this portion is enough for women. The chances of heart attack increase by 50%. Damage to the coronary vessels by 42%. Fatal heart attack 37%. Regular alcohol consumption shortens a person’s life by an average of 5-15 years depending on the characteristics of the human body and the intensity of consumption. Thus each person has a choice a regular short-term phantom alcoholic “pleasure” or an extra 10 years of healthy life.

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How Does Drug Addiction Develop

How does drug addiction develop?

Modern people can develop various types of addictions – from alcohol, drugs, cigarettes, gambling and etc. One of the most common is drug dependence. It develops in people who have been taking a certain drug uncontrollably for a long time. Attempts to reduce the dosage or discontinue taking the drug with the development of addiction lead to the return and intensification of the manifestations of the disease.

Types of drug addiction

  • Experts divide drug dependence into two types.
  • mental (psychological)
  • physical.

Psychic dependence on drugs is manifested in the appearance of a person of a feeling of emotional dissatisfaction after discontinuation of the drug and the emergence of an irresistible desire to continue using it. This desire is usually so strong that it can turn into an obsession.

Physical dependence is more severe than psychological. It develops in a person if the drug has become part of the metabolism in his body. In this case, the withdrawal of the drug causes the development of withdrawal symptoms, the signs of which may be headache, insomnia, chills and other unpleasant manifestations. In severe cases, more serious problems may appear – epileptic seizures, tremors, etc.

What drugs do you get addicted to?

  • Most often, drug dependence is caused by the following groups of drugs.
  • sleeping pills.
  • anesthetics and analgesics.
  • sedatives.
  • psychostimulants.
  • antihistamines.
  • codeine-containing drugs.
  • Laxatives and appetite suppressants are sometimes triggered by the onset of drug dependence symptoms.

The wrong choice of medicines for overwork, depression, insomnia can be addictive on a psychological or physical level. A person feels that without taking a pill, he will not be able to fall asleep, cope with anxiety, or get work done. His life begins to depend on drugs.

To prevent this from happening, in the treatment of drug addiction and mental disorders, you need to carefully select the medicine and exactly follow the dosage prescribed by the doctor. Uncontrolled intake of medications can lead to the development of not only drug dependence also drug addiction.

Drug addiction often develops in women who constantly take laxatives to lose weight. Long-term use of laxatives leads to disruption of bowel function and the appearance of severe side effects.

Addiction can develop even due to uncontrolled intake of non-narcotic analgesics (spasmalgon, nurofen, citramone, etc.). Long-term use of suprastin a popular antihistamine drug that is addictive with prolonged use often leads to its appearance.

Self-medicating, a person takes the medicine without a doctor’s prescription and careful control on his part. This can lead to serious disruptions in the functioning of the internal systems of the body and the development of drug dependence.

The main sign of this pathological condition is the appearance of various ailments when the drug is canceled or its dosage is reduced. The following symptoms may also appear.

  • pressure surges.
  • sudden mood swings.
  • vegetative disorders.
  • the occurrence of causeless diffuse pain.
  • changes in blood composition.
  • dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.

How to get rid of drug addiction?

To get rid of drug addiction you must completely stop taking the drug. Few can do it on their own. In most cases, a person with such a problem needs professional help.

The specialists of the drug rehab centers provide treatment for drug addiction successfully cope with any form of addiction and use modern methods of treatment in their work.

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Important Help For Managing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a condition characterized by extreme tiredness or exhaustion that does not go away with rest and is not caused by medical disease. But fatigue management is possible. 

Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or systemic exertion intolerance disorder are other names for CFS (SEID).

CFS’s causes aren’t completely understood. Viral infection, psychological stress, or a mix of variables are some of the possibilities.

CFS is difficult to diagnose because no single cause has been found, and many other disorders generate comparable symptoms.

CFS can’t be diagnosed because there aren’t any tests available. When obtaining a diagnosis, your doctor will need to rule out other possible explanations of your tiredness.

CFS was once a contentious diagnosis, but it is now widely recognized as a medical disorder.

CFS can affect anybody, but it is most frequent in women in their 40s and 50sTrusted Source. Although there is presently no cure, medication can help to alleviate symptoms.

Important Help To Fatigue Management

Supplements And Diet

Your healthcare provider should stress the necessity of eating a well-balanced diet with regular meals for fatigue management. They should be able to assist you in figuring out how to accomplish this if practical challenges with shopping and cooking, as well as symptoms of CFS/ME, are preventing you from doing so.

If you suffer nausea (feeling unwell), you should be advised to snack on starchy foods, eat small, frequent meals, and drink slowly. If this doesn’t work and your symptoms are especially severe, you can be prescribed nausea medication.

For persons with CFS/ME, special diets that eliminate specific foods are generally not recommended. If you’re thinking about trying one, your doctor should consult a dietician first.

Rest, Sleep, And Relaxation

Your medical staff should explain that persons with CFS/ME frequently have changes in their sleep habits, which can exacerbate their symptoms. Having trouble sleeping, having unrefreshing or restless sleep, needing excessive sleep, or wanting to sleep during the day and be awake at night are all common issues.

Because too much sleep does not relieve other symptoms of CFS/ME, and too much sleep during the day can prevent you from sleeping at night, you should be given practical counsel on how to develop a reasonable sleep–wake schedule for fatigue management.

Sleep pattern changes should be made gradually, and your healthcare provider should check the issue on a frequent basis. They should investigate whether you have an underlying sleep disorder if techniques to improve your sleeping pattern don’t work.

You will most likely need to relax or take breaks during the day, and your healthcare professional should be able to advise you on the best method to do so. Limiting the time of each break to 30 minutes and teaching you how to employ relaxation techniques are examples of this. Your healthcare provider should also ask you about your rests on a regular basis to ensure that they are still effective. Your healthcare provider should know that people with ME/CFS have a physiologic response to exercise or activity that is abnormal.

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